How the hottest industrial robots enter more small

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How can industrial robots enter more small and medium-sized enterprises

in the new packaging workshop of Zhejiang Tiansheng holding group, cake shaped polyester filaments are being transported along the production line to the end, and then gently grabbed by about two people high robots and accurately placed in the cart. It is this small move that reduces the operating cost of the company by 2 percentage points

coincidentally, in Yongkang, Zhejiang, the 12 automatic intelligent welding robots introduced by Zhongtai holding group reduced the number of employees on the production line from 120 to 30, and the one-time pass rate of products increased to 99%

after years of development, China's robot industry has achieved a development situation from scratch and from small to large. At present, more than 100 industrial clusters engaged in robot R & D and design, production and manufacturing, engineering applications and parts supporting have been formed, of which more than 40 listed companies have formed a high-tech sector with robot concept in the stock market, and more than 40 robot industrial parks are being built and planned in provinces and cities across the country, Relevant applications are widely used in automobile manufacturing, engineering machinery, food and other industries

however, while the robot industry is booming, it is also facing the problem that there is still a large gap between the domestic robot manufacturing level and high-end enterprises, and the robot penetration rate is low. It sounds like why it is difficult for tall industrial robots to get out of the low-end dilemma, and how can a large number of small and medium-sized enterprises achieve the large-scale application of industrial robots

labor shortage in low-end industries is obvious

in recent years, an opportunity for the vigorous development of the robot industry lies in the rising labor costs

at present, due to the increasingly serious problem of population aging and the sharp reduction of manufacturing employees, it has become an indisputable fact that China's demographic dividend is declining. At present, the average annual wage of urban employees in China has soared to 56399 yuan from 18200 yuan 10 years ago

the labor cost is getting higher and higher. After a year, I can't make any money except paying workers. In the interview, the boss of more than one auto parts manufacturer made such complaints

labor costs are rising, and labor shortages in low-end industries in the Yangtze River Delta, the Pearl River Delta and other places are obvious, which also directly promotes many enterprises to introduce modern equipment for technological transformation and upgrading. The advantages of fully automated production lines, such as easy operation and stable quality control, also make the machine replacement operation flourish all over the country

relevant national policies are also constantly releasing positive information to encourage the development of the robot industry, guiding more capital and technology into the robot industry

in 2014, the Ministry of industry and information technology issued the guiding opinions on promoting the development of industrial robot industry, which clearly proposed to cultivate 3-5 leading enterprises with international competitiveness and 8-10 supporting industrial clusters. In 2015, "made in China 2025" put forward the strategic goal of achieving manufacturing power. In 2016, the executive meeting of the State Council passed the plan for standardization and quality improvement of equipment manufacturing industry, which clarified the direction for the transformation and upgrading of the manufacturing industry. Popularizing robots is not only a simple substitute for labor, but also an important means to improve the efficiency and flexibility of the manufacturing industry

it is difficult for small and medium-sized enterprises to achieve large-scale applications

while the robot army has entered the production line one after another, the obstacles and shortcomings in the promotion and application of robots in China are also worthy of vigilance. In the current context of rising labor costs and accelerating industrial transfer, compared with large enterprises, labor shortages and other problems are often more prominent for small and medium-sized enterprises. How to make industrial robots enter more small and medium-sized enterprises has become an urgent problem to be solved

it was found in the interview that for a large number of small and medium-sized enterprises in China, the cost is still a great obstacle to the large-scale application of industrial robots. Although the workers' wages are on the high side, they can at least maintain the normal operation of the enterprise, and use the money equivalent to the operating capital of the enterprise for several years to upgrade the equipment. What if the enterprise collapses before it can recover the cost? Some entrepreneurs have expressed similar concerns about this

it is understood that the key parts of the robot industry have not been localized, which directly leads to the high cost of robot equipment and is much higher than similar foreign products, which is a huge obstacle for small and medium-sized enterprises

for example, the price of reducer purchased by domestic enterprises is about 5 times that of foreign enterprises, and the price of key parts such as servo motor and controller is also significantly higher than that of foreign similar products. Therefore, for small and medium-sized enterprises with insufficient funds and difficult to obtain bank loans, it is still difficult to have the strength to implement drastic rectification and upgrading of equipment

the constraints of the external environment can be described as the main factor affecting the penetration of robots

according to the preliminary statistics of the Ministry of industry and information technology, there are more than 800 enterprises involved in the production of robots in China, of which more than 200 are robot body manufacturing enterprises, most of which are mainly assembly and OEM, at the low end of the industrial chain, with low industrial concentration, small overall scale and weak innovation ability

at the 4th China robot summit and intelligent economic talent summit held recently, it was learned that an enterprise that makes speed reducers actually has no patents, which is an incredible situation for International Robot enterprises that are often escorted by dozens or hundreds of patented technologies

due to the weak technology, the supply capacity of high-end robot brands of Chinese local enterprises is seriously insufficient. At present, they have no ability to compete with international robot brands such as FANUC, Yaskawa, abb and KUKA. For example, the market of high-end industrial robots with six axes or more applied in high-end industries such as automobile manufacturing and welding is mainly occupied by Japanese and European and American enterprises, accounting for 85% of the market share

innovative design first

many experts and scholars in the industry have also given their views on various problems encountered in the development of the current robot industry

China is vigorously promoting robots at this stage, but there are still obstacles for enterprises to share intelligent manufacturing and promote robots with entrepreneurs after building digital workshops and promoting product certification. Tan Jianrong, academician of the Chinese Academy of engineering and professor of Zhejiang University, said

the obstacles mentioned by Tan Jianrong are three intensive manufacturing modes, the technical route based on imitation, the marketing strategy of low price competition and extensive workshop management

Tan Jianrong believes that China's robot industrial parks are blooming everywhere, and local governments use government subsidies and tax incentives to stimulate the local robot industry. On the one hand, there is absolutely no risk of cross infection, no pain, no injury, no anesthesia, no unintentional obstacles, indicating that the domestic robot industry is indeed very hot, and everyone is very optimistic about its industry prospects; On the other hand, there may be overcapacity in the industry soon, which is not conducive to the healthy development of the industry. At present, we have only solved the problem of how to produce products, but the problem of what to produce has not been solved. In fact, what entrepreneurs are most concerned about is what kind of products can't sell the violent impact products of the inclined block on the swing arm, so we should innovate and design first. Tan Jianrong said

zhushiqiang, deputy secretary of the Party committee of Zhejiang University and President of Zhejiang Robot Association, focused on the improvement of robot related technology

first of all, the robot industry is an integrated technology, which does not belong to any independent discipline, and the integration requirements are very high. Second, it is a cross-border technology, which requires accurate analysis and grasp of the application environment and application requirements. Third, it requires advanced imagination. Zhu Shiqiang said

Zhu Shiqiang told Zhejiang University that in 2016, it took the lead in the attempt of new engineering, which is currently mainly used in the fields of automotive, aircraft and wind power blades, and set up a robot research institute in 2017 to incubate outstanding achievements and achieve the effective docking of technological innovation and market demand

our scientific research and product development have been divided for a long time. We hope to turn research and product development into zero distance, which is not only conducive to shortening the development of robot products, but also conducive to our talent training, making it more comprehensive and easier to land. Zhu Shiqiang said

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