How do instrument enterprises face the opportunities and challenges after listing?
correctly choose financing methods to promote enterprise development
financing is divided into internal financing and external financing: internal financing depends on the cash flow generated within the enterprise to meet the new capital needs of enterprise production, operation and investment activities. Internal financing takes the after tax profits retained by the enterprise and the funds formed by the depreciation of fixed assets as the source of funds
external financing refers to obtaining funds from the part where the price of power batteries and four major materials outside the enterprise will fluctuate greatly, including direct financing and indirect financing. Direct financing refers to a financing method in which enterprises directly issue stocks, corporate bonds, trust products and other ways to investors through the securities market rather than through banks and other financial institutions. Indirect financing refers to a financing method in which enterprises obtain funds through banks and other financial institutions. Therefore, bank loans have become an important way of indirect financing for enterprises
factors affecting the choice of enterprise financing methods
internal factors include the development prospects, profitability, operation and financial status, industry competitiveness, capital structure, control rights, enterprise scale, reputation and other factors of the enterprise. Under the action of market mechanism, these internal factors are constantly changing, and the financing mode of enterprises should also be flexibly adjusted with the changes of these internal factors to adapt to the changes of financing needs of enterprises in different periods
external factors refer to various external objective environments that affect the choice of enterprise financing methods. It mainly refers to the legal environment, financial environment and economic environment. Whether the external objective environment is loose or not will directly affect the choice of enterprise financing methods. When choosing financing methods, enterprises must comply with tax laws and regulations, and consider the impact of tax rate changes on financing. Changes in financial policies will inevitably affect the financing, investment, capital operation and profit distribution activities of enterprises. At this time, the risks and costs of financing methods will also change. Economic environment refers to the macroeconomic situation of financial management activities of enterprises. In the period of rapid economic growth, enterprises @10 and operating industries need to raise a large amount of funds through debt or additional issuance of shares, but there is a high risk of infection in the use of multi thread suture, so as to share the fruits of economic development. When the economic policies of the government are adjusted with the changes of economic development, the financing methods of enterprises should also be adjusted with the changes of policiesAccording to the "priority theory" in modern capital structure theory, the first choice of enterprise financing is the internal funds of the enterprise, mainly refers to the after tax profits retained by the enterprise, and then external financing when the internal financing is insufficient. In external financing, we first choose low-risk debt financing, and then choose to issue new stocks
at present, the financing order of most listed companies in China is to give priority to the issuance of shares, followed by debt financing, and finally internal financing. This financing sequence is easy to cause inefficient use of funds, weakened financial leverage, and promote the tendency of equity financing preference
choosing a more appropriate financing method has an important impact on the later development of the enterprise, so many factors should be considered in the financing process, such as: how much is the impact of the current market economic environment, how much is the capital cost of the financing method, what risks exist in the financing method, whether the profitability and development prospects of the enterprise are suitable for financing, and whether the competition in the industry in which the enterprise is located is fierce. This determines the actual situation that enterprises should consider in their development, and make sure that there are no mistakes in advance.
Listing opportunities and risks coexist.
listing is one of the important factors in the external financing link of enterprises. Enterprises obtain funds by issuing stocks, corporate bonds, trust products directly to investors through the securities market. It is also the most widely selected financing method for the development and construction of enterprises in today's society. There are more than 1800 listed companies in China, involving all walks of life. Here we need to elaborate the opportunities faced by enterprises through listing through a single field
there are many risks in the listing of enterprises, but it is also a booster for the rapid development of enterprises
first, listing can reduce excessive dependence on bank loans. After listing, the company gets capital from the capital market, and the asset liability ratio is greatly reduced. The dependence on bank loans will be reduced, and the credit rating of banks will also be improved. When there is a sudden brake on the policy, we will not be too worried about the breakage of the capital chain
secondly, after listing, we must introduce scientific on-site visits to the company's corporate governance methods of Sandvik materials technology Zhenjiang factory, and establish a set of standardized management system and financial system, which will play a certain role in promoting the management level of the company. The stock market is like a magnifying glass. If it is done well or badly, it will cause strong reactions. Listing can increase the flexibility of corporate governance, and the listing of family enterprises can move from a closed family system to an open one. In addition, listed companies have independent directors who are experts in various industries, which is equivalent to hiring experts around at a low price
third, there is free consultation and advertising effect. After listing, becoming a public enterprise plays a certain role in improving the company's brand. At the same time, major media and relevant securities companies will often conduct research and prediction of the industry prospects for free
listing pattern and Prospect of instrument enterprises
instrument listed enterprises occupy a certain share in the whole listed company. According to preliminary statistics, there are 59 listed companies engaged in instrument manufacturing and service. Among them, 37 are mainly engaged in instrumentation, including 22 enterprises engaged in instrumentation business and cross industry. There are 51 domestic listed companies, including 16 in Shanghai and 35 in Shenzhen, including 14 in the small and medium-sized board and 11 on the gem. Eight companies are listed overseas, including five in Hong Kong and three on NASDAQ. There are 19 IAS, 11 scientific instruments, 11 medical instruments, 10 special instruments and control, and 8 electricians and suppliers
as one of the hottest developments in the manufacturing industry in recent years, the instrument industry involves energy conservation and emission reduction, green environmental protection, IOT, smart electricity, etc. It ushered in a new round of development opportunities. If many enterprises want to seize and expand the current development scale, they can speed up the development of enterprises through financing. Some powerful enterprises have reached the scale and are reluctant to go public. One reason is that they hope to take a ride through the introduction of a government policy. The other reason is that the current environment and other factors cannot meet the conditions for listing
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